The Pleissenland (and Pleissenritter)
- a small article by Count Moritz -
Every now and then I am asked: "Pleissenland - where is this" So in January, when we Pleissenritter in the Cultural Alliance Gallery in Altenburg a contested issue for us lived through the Middle Ages and the history of representation of the Pleissenlandes opened.
See also ->
exhibition in Altenburg and most recent press feedback - Pleissenritter, lived medieval
At this point I would therefore like - only in brief - report a little about what it is now with the Pleissenland actually on the .
1158 was created by the Holy Roman Emperor and King Frederick I, called Barbarossa, the richest country Pleissenland territory. Territorial basis were mainly recovered fiefs, which previously transmitted mainly the (extinct) powerful Marquis of Groitzsch were. There were also imperial territories, which were from the beginning of the so called East-colonization king country and stayed.
included in its greatest extent the Terra Plisnensis (so the Latin official name of the closed territorial area), the following regions:
The entire sg Göselland (in the south and south-east of Leipzig) and the areas around Markham, Oetzsch, Böhlen, Kitzscher etc. in the south of Leipzig were (temporarily) the north-western Pleissenland.
The Empire Castle County Leisnig (Mildenstein stone) and the surrounding region on the Freiberger Mulde and the Imperial Castle County Döbern Mutzschen and the rule (rule stands for Imperial Knight or Reichsministerialengebiet) formed the northeast corner of Pleissenlandes.
The main castle was probably the greatest area in the territory of the Reich Pleissenlandes above the town of Altenburg, with the same imperial castle county. The gentlemen
Penig, Rabenstein (Chemnitz), and Schellenberg were the eastern and southeastern boundary of the Pleissenlandes. So it stood out in the Erzgebirge but into even today in some Czech territory.
same applies to the southern boundary of Pleissenlandes, which was formed by the rule (later County, later Principality) Black Mountain, the Hart County and the rule Selva.
The western areas of the kingdom's territory Pleissenland were the lords Wiesenburg, beautiful rock and Crimmitschau.
The imperial cities of Chemnitz and Zwickau, and the kingdom monastery Chemnitz were as much to Pleissenland as yet unnamed gentlemen Stollberg (later county), wild rock, Waldenburg and Glauchau, in the center, the low forest and Roch Castle in the northeast, Colditz (temporary imperial castle county) in the north / northwest , the county Groitzsch (more Western) and Castle Waiting / fortified market towns such as including Lausick, Zschopau Oederan, Kohr, Frohburg and Eibenstock or large forest areas as part of the forest and of course the entire Wermsdorfer Pleissenwald sg.
The Margrave of Meissen and the bishops Meissen this were the northern and eastern neighbors. In the north-west, the Pleissenland bordered on territories of the bishops of Merseburg and Naumburg but again the Margrave of Meissen.
the east was predominantly the Margrave of Meissen neighbor mentioned. To a small extent also the diocese of Meissen. In the Southeast and throughout the south Pleissenland limited to the Kingdom of Bohemia.
By far the largest part of the western frontier territory Pleissenland divided the kingdom with the eastern border of another empire's territory, the Vogtland. (The line between Pleissen and Vogt country was again and again "flexible".)
With this and through the connection with the Reich territory Egerland and the connection to the imperial Nuremberg was the Pleissenland a significant retention of the monarchy. This great importance to the poor is among others supported by many visits of emperors and kings. Thus, for example, only alone for the kingdom Burggraf Castle Altenburg for Emperor Barbarossa six, Frederick II shows four stays. Even the great King Rudolf Graf took advantage of the princely house of the Habsburg Empire as Altenburg temporary residence.
Major fortifications (castles) were found (and find some still today) in the Old Castle (Royal Palace), Leisnig (Mildenstein stone), Groitzsch, Black Mountain, Colditz, Glauchau, Roch Castle, Stollberg, Waldenburg, Zwickau (Burg Schönfels), Selva, Chemnitz (Burg Rabenstein), hard rock and, and, and .....
On behalf of the Emperor / King of the central power was initially represented by a district judge who was elected from among the noble free direct imperial families of the region is ensured. This county judge resided in Altenburg.
since 13 Century took special control, law and empire, entrusted with special tasks Reich vicars (representatives of the emperor / king - sonderbevollmächtige Messenger) from higher (Counts / Princely Count) noble free imperial nobility. This was among others due to the fact that the land-based castle and other counts, Imperial knights and other knights and gentlemen Reichsministerialen and one hand over her own Allodi (own shares) and fief (usually to life conferred by the crown, often quasi-hereditary property) as focused on kingdom issues. (Input of the 14th century, there were, for example, the Terra Plisnensis about 100, often very small but quite separate estates.)
the other hand, it was to counter outside influences. Thus, the Wettin Margrave of Meissen as had been about 1200 times peaceful, at times belligerent attempts to make territorial and gradually influence other claims asserted Pleissenland.
would be built over 200 years they succeed, the entire former imperial territory Mark Pleissenland their county to incorporate. So they got the first time in 1253 to significant influence, as will much of the Pleissenlandes were left temporarily as a security. In Rudolf von Habsburg, but they had to give this back. In the Battle of Lucka in 1307, the Wettin achieved the victory that you should ensure future access and later owned and the Empire territories Pleissenland, Göselland and Vogtland.
But by then it was still a long way.
support of the imperial power and - in various graduation - including the judiciary and executive were primarily engaged in the resident rich-precious immediate outside. You were there to support Reichsministeriale. For those en, originally non-free but rich direct vassals of the King / Emperor developed in the Late Middle Ages increasingly Ministerialenadel own.
Many of the originally "only" fine outdoors and even ministerial officials were later count or even princely (for example, by Black Mountain). Some of the initial non-free Reichsministerialen rose to the highest circles of power and dignity, far-reaching, or at least regionally (eg by Pflugk).
the realm were, again, immediate, semi-free and unfree vassals (vassals, peasants, tenants and vassals) following subject.
For further reading are recommended include: "History Saxony in the Middle Ages "(see p. 6 of the" Knights Pleissenlaender-collar messenger Br 43 ") and" In Pleisse and Göselland "(see page 7 of the" Knights Pleissenlaender-collar messenger Br 43 ").
We in the PLEISSENRITTER eV (see www.pleissenritter.de ), present not only furniture, drapery arms, equipment and weapons in historical styles, much of which is manufactured in-house. We learn and train not only medieval fighting techniques and implement them in a living history lesson, while castle and medieval old town or festivals before. We show on such occasions, the life and activities in a field camp of the imperial knights. This We have scenes of medieval law, and the chivalrous everyday life are alive and nacherlebbar. Whether weddings, Knapp assumption Ritter consecration / knighting / Accolade, banquets, tithe payments, combat training, taking the cross, political negotiations, tournaments and markets / fair / exhibition, prayer, feud and fight, peace agreement, pub course, love, livelihood and food preparation, security - honor and services - we make a living Pleissenritter Middle Ages. This is really not easy carnival. Man dressed not easy. Man made as authentizitätsnah as possible and reasonable living history.
Focal point is the survival of characters from the Pleissenland between the last third of the 12th and the first third of the 14th Century. Single trip in the days before the creation of Terra Plisnensis (eg in Ottonian and Salian times) or in the days when it was like a thing of the Wettin (eg 14./Anfang late 15th century) are allowed here .
The primary representation of the noble free Empire Direct Pleissenlandes Staufen, Habsburg emperors or Luxembourg / kings focuses in detail on actual historical facts and persons, but without staff to reflect. Individual to Characters and their coats of arms are fictitious given above but 100% the historical ways.
Us Pleissenrittern is home Ties and our way of presenting important for many reasons. One reason is that the Pleissenland today - except for historians and local history very interested people - either do not (any longer) is known, or at best as somehow always the Wettin family sphere is classified belong. Not for nothing is found today in many arms of towns and counties of a transparent Pleissenlandes even today the old coat of arms of Terra Plisnensis (silver-gold divided upright lion on blue background) represent. Not rare near the imperial castle of Altenburg counts (five-petal red rose with five green leaves and yellow umbel on white background) and / or old arms of the Wettin Margrave of Meissen (black upright lion on a yellow background).
That we Pleissenritter often sided with the Barbarian, early medieval, Nordmann groups, etc. Make is not really a break in style.
First, should Histotainmentgruppen always - also across time periods - to support and secondly, many of these groups, an orientation that the early medieval original inhabitants of the region, the various Slavic tribes, or the early medieval first settlers, free, half-free and unfree king peasants, knights and Marquis matches.
Who wants to know more, der schaue auf unseren Internetpräsenzen nach oder komme zum 3. Pleissenritterfest in 04603 Nobitz am 21. + 22.05.2011 !